Botswana animals

A safari in Botswana is above all a trip to see the most incredible wildlife Africa has to offer in beautiful landscapes. 

Discover the main Botswana animals, including the big 5 and the largest population of elephants in the world, that visitors can expect to see on their trip to southern Africa.

What animals will I see in Botswana?

Wildlife in Botswana stands out from other southern African countries including South Africa thanks to the clearly marked efforts of the Botswana people to protect their nature, flora and fauna. 

The country is renowned for its wildlife migratory movements, particularly to the Okavango Delta in the north of the country. 

Main Botswana animals

This premium wildlife destination will almost guarantee sightings of the most famous of Africa’s mammals: the Big Five.

Elephants thrive in Botswana and are heavily protected with the greatest number, 50,000 of them, found in the Chobe National Park. 

AnimalLengthWeightLifespan
Lion10 ftUp to 573 pounds13-15 years
Leopard3 ft – 6 ft80 to 160 pounds12-17 years
Elephant8 ft 2″ – 13 ft5,000 to 14,000 pounds60-70 years
Rhino6 ft 6″ – 13 ft1,320 to 2,090 pounds40-50 years
Buffalo7 ft – 11 ft1,100 to 2,000 pounds15-18 years
Cheetah3ft 11″ – 4 ft 11″75 to 140 pounds12-14 years
Hippo10 ft 9″ – 16 ft 6″3,500 to 9,920 pounds40-50 years
Springbok4 ft – 4 ft 6″60 to 68 pounds7-9 years
Wildebeest6 ft 6″240–400 pounds20 years
Zebra3 ft 7″ – 4 ft 9″380 to 850 pounds25 years
Hyena4ft – 6ft90 to 170 pounds12 years
Oryx6 ft500 pounds18 years
African wild dogs5ft 35 to 50 pounds7-10 years
Red lechwe4 ft 3″ to 6 ft 150 to 265 pounds10-11 years
Crocodile17 ft1,000 pounds30-40 years
Bat-eared fox1.5 ft to 2 ft6.6-11 pounds 13 years

Lions are abundant all over Botswana, but have the highest numbers in the Savute region of the Chobe National Park. This area consists of dry savannah and grassy plains, the perfect setting for ambush predation.

Rhinos can be found in the Moremi Game Reserve adjacent to the Okavango Delta. This is an exclusive reserve, known for excellent camps and a wide variety of safari activities on offer. 

Leopards can be found at the Tuli Bloc, which borders Zimbabwe and South Africa and Mashatu Game Reserve. These predators are rarely seen due to their elusive nature and threats from other big predators.

African buffaloes can be found in the north of Botswana, in the lush grasses of the Duba Plains in the Okavango Delta, amongst the placid waters from the wet season. 

Birds

600 species of birds including bee eaters can be found in Botswana’s many eco-systems. The country has 13 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) covering 130,000 sq km. 

Botswana is a superb birding destination. It doesn’t have endemic species (birds that only occur in Botswana), but several have limited distribution. 

BirdLengthWeightLifespan
Kori bustard3 ft 5″ – 4 ft 2″15 – 40 pounds26- 28 years
African darter2 ft 7″ – 3ft 3″2.3 – 3 pounds16 years
African skimmer1ft 3″0.5 – 0.8 pounds20 years
Schalow’s turaco1ft 3″ – 1 ft 5″0.5 pounds30 years
Trumpeter6 ft2.2 pounds30 years
Crowned hornbills1ft 6″ – 1.7″0.4 – 0.7 pounds10 – 15 years
Crested guinea fowl6 ft4 pounds12 – 15 years

The habitat ranges from wet delta to desert bush, and both waterbirds and dry-country specials can be seen. Large numbers of migratory birds are present from October to April.

The best birding areas are in the north and include Chobe National Park, the Okavango Delta and the salt pans in the Makgadikgadi Pan.  

The last is home to large flocks of greater and lesser flamingos after the rains. In the Kalahari Desert a wide variety of birds gather in large flocks round the limited water sources, offering great photo opportunities. 

Chobe also boasts the highest bird species diversity in Botswana wildlife (468 species), including birds found nowhere else in the country like the Schalow’s and Purple-crested turacos, Trumpeter and Crowned hornbills and the Crested guinea fowl.

Flora 

Although 90% of Botswana is covered by some kind of savanna, even the Kalahari Desert contains adequate vegetation to support tens of thousands of wild animals. 

Common trees are the mopane, camel-thorn, motopi (shepherd’s tree), and baobab as well as sausage trees. 

Botswana has some of the world famous wetlands such as the Chobe River and Okavango Delta in the northern part of the country and the dry areas such as the Kalahari Desert in the centre and southwest.

In that regard the types of plants and animals found have different adaptations according to the landscape of the particular region. 

Visitors will find cactus plants and camels surviving in a desert like the Kgalagadi desert while wetlands and semi-arid regions have more plants like the waterlilies and abundant wildlife such as elephants, flamingos, hippos and lions.

Where to see animals in Botswana?

The humid regions of the country and the ancient lakes are the ideal habitat for more than 600 species of birds: ostriches, storks, flamingos, vultures, herons, cranes and more.

The wilds of Northern Botswana safeguard the largest elephant population in the world. Huge breeding herds and large solitary bulls traverse the landscapes of Chobe National Park and Chiefs Island in the Moremi Game Reserve. 

Chobe’s broad-leaved woodlands and riparian forests are home to the endemic Chobe bushbuck and other lesser-known antelope species like puku, sable and roan. 

Savute, in the western Chobe region is notorious for its large lion prides, historically numbering up to 30-odd individuals. 

The unpredictability of Savuti’s water supply has been known to set the scene for dramatic feats of survival, including hibernating crocodiles and bold lions preying on adult elephants. 

Savuti’s vast savanna plains are perfect for enjoying sightings of Burchell’s zebra, tsessebe, giraffe, and impala.

Lion, Hyena and Wild Dogs are their main predators in the Okavango Delta. Lechwe will often take to the water to escape predators. 

They can take great leaps over channels and have a water repelling substance coating the fur on their legs which allows them to move faster through the permanent water.

What time of year is best to see the animals in Botswana?

The best time to see animals in Botswana is during the dry season, between June and October. 

The water points are drying up and animals are gathering around the sources which are becoming increasingly rare. The vegetation is also shorter, making it possible to see and observe the animals even from a distance. 

FAQs

What animals can visitors see in Botswana? 

The Big Five including herds of elephants, lions, Cape buffaloes, lions, leopards and rhinos as well as African painted dogs, blue wildebeest, civets, crocodiles, giraffes, hippos, hyenas, impala, leopards and many more. 

What parks should I visit to see these animals in Botswana? 

Each of the parks and reserves in Botswana has its own unique wildlife and surroundings. Visitors should consider a tour of multiple parks on their visit including the must-see Okavango Delta and Chobe National Park.  

When to go on a safari in Botswana to see the animals? 

The ideal season to observe the most animals in Botswana is during the dry season from June to October.