Knowing which Tanzania vaccines are required, health guidelines and what precautions should be taken is an important step in the preparation for a trip to Tanzania for a wildlife adventure, beach holiday or honeymoon safari.
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Any compulsory vaccines in Tanzania?
There are no mandatory vaccinations required for entering Tanzania. This can change over time depending on government medical updates.
Some travelers may need protection against MMR and malaria protection tablets are recommended for travel for some parts of the country including the Serengeti National Park where malaria is present or the Ngorongoro Crater where visitors may pass through malaria zones in order to get there.
Recommended Tanzania vaccines
Some vaccines are recommend for Tanzania, the CDC and WHO note the following:
|Covid||Recommended for everyone 5 years of age and older to get fully vaccinated for COVID-19 before travel.|
|Malaria||Travelers going to certain areas of Tanzania should take prescription medicine to prevent malaria many days before their trip, as well as during and after their trip.|
|Chickenpox (Varicella)||2 doses of chickenpox vaccine for children, adolescents, and adults who have never had chickenpox and were never vaccinated.|
|Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis||CDC recommends diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis) vaccinations for everyone.|
|Flu||CDC recommends use of any licensed, age-appropriate flu vaccine as an option for vaccination.|
|MMR||Two doses of MMR vaccine to prevent measles and protect against Mumps and Rubella.|
|Polio||CDC recommends that children get 4 doses of polio vaccine. Most adults do not need polio vaccine if already vaccinated as children.|
|Shingles||Adults 50 years and old should get two doses of the shingles vaccine called Shingrix (recombinant zoster vaccine), separated by 2 to 6 months, to prevent shingles|
|Rabies||Rabid dogs are commonly found in Tanzania. Visitors should consider a rabies vaccination before their trip.|
|Typhoid||Recommended for most travelers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas.|
|Yellow Fever||Required if traveling from a country with risk of YF virus transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YF virus transmission.|
|Hepatitis A||Recommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older going to Tanzania.|
|Hepatitis B||Recommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages to Tanzania.|
|Meningococcal meningitis||Visitors should consult with their local doctor on meningitis requirements and vaccines prior to their trip.|
There is a high risk of malaria in all areas of Tanzania below 1,800m (anti-malarial vaccines for Zanzibar are also recommended): Atovaquone/proguanil OR doxycycline OR mefloquine are recommended. There is no risk of malaria above 1,800m.
Bite avoidance and counter measures are recommended. Visitors can check with a travel vaccinations medicine specialist to see if antimalarials should be considered to help prevent malaria contraction.
If travelling to a remote area on a walking safari away from medical facilities, it is recommended to carry standby emergency treatment. Understanding the best time to visit Tanzania is important also as this may impact the risk of contracting malaria as well as the range of activities and things to do in Tanzania.
Tanzania health recommendations
Recommended visitor precautions
To help protect against mosquitoes, visitors should ensure to:
- Apply mosquito repellents on clothes to avoid mosquito bites
- Wear covered light clothing
- Use mosquito nets on the windows of your accommodation and in vehicles, use the air conditioning
Depending on the areas visited, preventive antimalarial treatment should be considered.
Food and water precautions that should be observed:
- Eat cooked food
- Wash and peel fruits and vegetables
- Avoid fresh fruit juices, ice creams, ice cubes, raw vegetables, reheated dishes
- Consume pasteurized or boiled milk
- Drink bottled or boiled water
Hygiene rules that should be followed:
- Wash hands regularly, before and after each meal and after using the toilet
- Don’t touch wild and stray animals to avoid animal bites and infection
- Don’t swim in lakes and non-running water
- Avoid any potentially contaminated food
Visitors with medical conditions should make tour guides and food catering aware of this in advance. Carrying a small amount of Tanzanian currency, the Tanzania Shilling (TZS) is recommended to pay for any incidentals. Visitors can review further details on overall Tanzania safari prices here.
Vaccinations for Tanzania and Zanzibar
A Yellow Fever vaccine is recommended for visitors visiting Tanzania and the island of Zanzibar. The vaccination should be acquired a minimum of 10 days before travel.
Tanzania has no recorded case of Yellow Fever and efforts to ensure this superb record mean that all visitors from countries that have a risk of Yellow Fever may have to present vaccination certificates upon entry. Other entry requirements include Tanzania visa.
Vaccinations for Tanzania and Kenya
A certificate of vaccination for Yellow Fever may be necessary for arrival from Kenya or other neighboring East African Countries and if visitors are traveling from a country at risk of Yellow Fever, including South America and parts of Asia.
The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Kenya: Hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, rabies vaccination, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.
Tanzania Covid 19 information
All Travelers are required to present a negative COVID-19 test certificate upon arrival. The test must be a RT-PCR test or NAAT collected at a nationally accredited/approved laboratory, with the sample collected within 96 hours of arrival in Tanzania.
Travelers who have recovered from COVID-19 can submit proof of recovery from authorized medical personnel for entry to Tanzania. The Tanzania Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children has details on these requirements here.
All international passengers to Tanzania must complete an online Health Survey within 24 hours of arrival. A separate Health Survey is required for Zanzibar. Further information on both Health Surveys is provided in the Tanzanian government’s travel guide here.
Health regulations can update quickly and visitors are reminded to regularly review the official Tanzania government guidelines for Covid entry requirements prior to traveling.
Travelers will then receive a Unique Health Code (UHC), which they will present to health officials upon arrival.
All passengers entering Tanzania will be subjected to enhanced screening for COVID-19 including a mandatory rapid test. Covid-19 vaccinations are highly recommended.
The cost for rapid testing is 10 USD per traveller for arrivals in mainland Tanzania and 25 USD for arrivals in Zanzibar. The fee can be paid for through the online Traveller Surveillance Form or in cash on arrival.
US citizens Covid-19 information
U.S. travelers are required to have a negative Covid-19 test not older than 96 hours from your time of departure from your country of origin.
For Tanzania visitors, travelers are required to complete an online Health Surveillance Form for entry to the Tanzania mainland.
For Zanzibar visitors, travelers are required to complete this Health Surveillance Form.
UK/EU/Other citizens Covid-19 information
U.K, EU and other travelers are required to have a negative Covid-19 test not older than 96 hours from your time of departure from your country of origin.
All passengers travelling to Tanzania must complete an online Traveller’s Surveillance Form. This form must be submitted no more than 24 hours before arrival.
What are the compulsory vaccines for Tanzania?
No vaccine is compulsory for Tanzania. However, guidelines can change & it is recommended to be up to date with the various Covid-19, Yellow Fever and malaria vaccines and consider antimalarial prophylaxis.
What health precautions should I take to travel to Tanzania?
To help protect against mosquitoes, visitors should apply insect repellents on clothing, wear covered light clothing and use mosquito nets on the windows of your accommodation. Travellers should also consult with their doctor prior to flying.